High blood pressure or hypertension is a silent disease. That often does not show obvious symptoms together with risk behaviors in daily life. Making many people unaware that they are having high blood pressure.
Therefore, in this article brings information about the risk behavior of high blood pressure. So that everyone is immune Reduce the risk of high blood pressure.
What is hypertension?
High blood pressure (Hypertension) is a state of change in blood pressure higher than normal. The effects of hypertension cause damage to the arteries. Including various organs in the body Which if you have high blood pressure for a long time Will lead to hardening of the arteries Early vascular obstruction and is a risk factor for complications such as heart attack, paralysis and dementia, etc.
How high is high blood pressure?
The pressure is divided into two parts: The pressure while the heart is compressed, the blood pressure while the heart is relaxed. The unit of measurement of blood pressure is millimeters of mercury (mm / Hg), which differs as follows.
High blood pressure during heart compression (Upper pressure)
Systolic blood pressure is blood pressure while the heart is squeezing out blood from the heart. By the high blood pressure of the heart while compressing Can be divided as follows
• 140-159 mm / Hg (slightly tall)
• 160-179 mm / Hg (as tall as a fish)
High blood pressure while the heart relaxes (Suspension pressure)
Blood pressure when the heart relaxes is blood pressure while the heart still has blood in the blood vessels. By the high blood pressure of the heart while loosening Can be divided as follows
• 90-99 mm / Hg (slightly tall)
• 100-109 mm / Hg (as tall as a fish)
Factors of hypertension
Uncontrolled high pressure type It is caused by heredity, sex, and age by people whose family members have high blood pressure. They are at higher risk of developing high blood pressure than the general public. For gender and age Before age 50, males are more likely to develop hypertension than females. But after age 50, females are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure.
High pressure, controllable type Is caused by lifestyle habits That affect the work of the heart, such as eating salty foods, smoking and drinking, etc. These factors are factors that can control the risk by just changing the behavior can reduce the risk factors for disease.
High blood pressure symptom landmark
High blood pressure is an unclear condition. Therefore, people with high blood pressure do not know they are experiencing it. For the observation of high pressure symptoms are as follows
• Head numbness
• Nausea and vomiting
• Easily tired
• Can’t sleep
• Blurred vision
High blood pressure risk behavior
Eat salty foods.
Eating salty foods results in high amounts of salt in the body. The body will draw more water back into the bloodstream. Therefore, if the body draws large amounts of water into the bloodstream, it is at risk of hypertension. In addition to salty food The high-fat diet is another type that is also at risk of developing high blood pressure.
People who are overweight, body mass index (BMI) or underweight. There is a risk of arteriosclerosis due to the fat on the blood wall. Which the heart has to pump more blood to the body’s blood vessels Therefore there is a risk of developing high blood pressure
Drinking heavily alcohol
Consuming large amounts of alcohol stimulates the heart to inject blood faster and more vigorously. Resulting in high pressure in blood vessels Leading to the risk of developing high blood pressure in the end
When stress occurs, the body releases the hormones cortisol and adrenaline. (Ardrenaline) makes the heart work harder. The heart beats faster and pumps more blood. Contracted artery wall Resulting in high blood pressure during stress.
Smoking leads to disorders of the circulatory system. And abnormalities of lipids in the blood The inflammation and narrowing of the blood vessels. Including destroying the vascular wall Which of these factors is the cause that leads to high blood pressure disease.
Change the behavior of reducing high blood pressure for better health.
Adjust eating behavior
Eating behavior It is a major risk factor for high blood pressure. Therefore, solving the problem should be solved at the source. By adjusting the eating behavior Reduce eating salty foods Drink less alcohol Abstain from eating fried foods, turn to healthy food. Just as it reduces the risk of developing high blood pressure.
Exercise Improving blood flow Reduce the fat that adheres to the blood wall In addition, while exercising, the body releases endorphins and dopamine, or substances of happiness, to help relieve stress. Which one of the risk factors for blood pressure.
Based on the above information, it is known that cigarettes are a risk factor for high blood pressure. Therefore, quitting smoking is a great way to reduce your risk. Quitting smoking also reduces the risk of developing other serious diseases such as cancer, ischemic heart disease, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.