What is depression?

Depression, a condition facing millions of people on the planet. More than 300 million people or almost 4% of the world’s population are experiencing it. In Thailand, 1.5 million people are found with depression, statistics show that depression is closer to us than we thought. But how do you know if you are one of the 1.5 million people? And with the concern of Cigna, in this article, we will take a look at how to spot depression.

Depression is a brain disorder characterized by thought, emotion, behavior, and body. These components show symptoms together. The accelerating factors that can cause depression vary from environment to brain chemicals. But depression is not as scary as you think. Just by understanding it can cure and co-exist with this disease.

Causes of depression

There are many factors or causes of depression. Both physically and mentally The main causes that lead to depression are as follows.


For anyone whose family has depression or psychosis It is about 20% more likely to develop depression than the general population, or if someone with twins has depression, the other twins are 60-80% more likely to develop depression.


Society or environment is another factor that can cause depression. Either the family environment or the social context at work With high pressure There are opportunities for changing thinking and behavior. Causing sadness or frustrating thoughts, hurt oneself, etc.


If someone with a basic mindset likes to look at themselves negatively. Pessimism These people, if they encounter a psychological event such as unemployment, divorce or frequent blame There is a chance that it makes it easier to develop thoughts into depression.

Brain chemicals

In addition to the mind The body has an effect on depression as well. By the brain chemistry is an important factor that can cause depression. For chemicals that affect depression Contains important substances including serotonin and norepinephrine. (norepinephirne) abnormalities of these substances in the brain, which lead to depression.

Types of depression

Major Depression

For major depression Depression is the main symptom of people suffering from depression. The basic symptoms are discouragement, feeling sad, too little or too much sleep. Rapid weight gain or loss, for example, by those who are classified as depressed individuals who have had depression for at least 2 consecutive weeks.

Dysthymia Depression

Dysthymia It is a less severe disease than major depressive disorder. It has symptoms of simply not having an appetite or overeating. Too little or too much sleep Feeling weak But the severity of symptoms is less For differences in addition to the severity of symptoms Duration is important, with people with dysthymia suffer from at least two consecutive years. Depression will last 2 weeks or more.

Depression before menstruation (Premenstrual Depression)

Altered physical state is one of the leading causes of depression. Before menstruation, some women have symptoms similar to depression, such as feeling sad, sensitive, feeling tired, tired, having unusual sleep. 3 days

Changes in the origin of people with depression

The transition to depression ranges from a gradual symptom to rapidly changing. From events that affect the mind The original personality will change. The basic things that have changed are as follows

Mood change

Emotional changes begin with the original cheerful personality. Depression will change everything. Feelings are depressed, depressed, insensitive, bored, or sometimes their mood changes severely, easily irritated, etc.

Thinking change

What has changed, apart from mood, is perspective. In which the thoughts on various matters will be changed from the original All views of the world are getting worse and the environment. People around you, including yourself It was difficult to make decisions. Not confident in myself Think of yourself as a burden to others and you may end up thinking about your life.

5 ways to recognize yourself if you are depressed or not

There are nine symptoms that indicate you are experiencing depression, in which anyone who has had or exceeded five of these symptoms and has had at least 2 weeks in a row and has these feelings all the time. If you have depression.

  1. Feeling sad, bored, or irritable throughout the day.
  2. Less interested in your surroundings or activities you previously enjoyed.
  3. Changes in eating behavior Significant weight gain or loss.
  4. Insomnia or sleep disorders.
  5. Noticeably anxious or sluggish.
  6. Weak, lack of strength, don’t want to do anything.
  7. Feeling that I am worthless Blame yourself for everything
  8. Decreased concentration of mind, having trouble making decisions
  9. Thinking about death Don’t want to live often.

How to treat depression

Drug treatment

The cause of depression comes from a malfunction of chemicals in the brain. Therefore, taking the drug will help balance the chemicals in the brain to function normally. In the first phase, the drug will see slow results. Has a lot of side effects But as brain chemicals have adapted Symptoms will improve However, you shouldn’t stop taking the drug when you feel better. Should be taken for 6-12 months to prevent recurring depression.

Heal mentally

Depression can be treated in a number of ways:

Consult a professional doctor Balancing ideas and behaviors One of the causes of depression comes from Negative thoughts beyond reality Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor for advice on how to think and behavior. Is another way to help treat depression to get better.

Adjust the interpersonal relationships Finding close friends helps to adjust your relationship with the environment around you. Understanding the situation will help you to better adjust to the context around you.

In-depth psychotherapy This treatment requires a doctor and psychiatrist. Joint therapy to release the nodes deep within the patient’s mind, which is the source of depression.

Turning depression into positive energy

Anyone suffering from depression does not have to be discouraged. Because this disease can turn sadness into power You just have to find a way to retrieve the power that is hidden.

Refine pessimism, find hidden good thoughts.

Thoughts are the driving force behind many people. Pessimism is often the catalyst for more serious depression. Therefore, our patients have to find a way to turn the crisis into an opportunity. Switching from bad thoughts all day to optimism If you don’t know where to find ideas like that We recommend listening to an inspirational podcast or finding great articles to keep your mind active throughout the day.

Exercise to reduce depression

Exercise is another great way to reduce depression. With this disease making the patient exhausted Lack of energy to use life .Therefore, a thorn must take a thorn to indicate It’s time to get up and try some exercise. Using a body with little strength Adjusting the behavior little by little can help reduce symptoms of depression. Plus, while exercising, the body also secretes dopamine. Or the message of happiness Making him forget his suffering for a moment And for anyone interested in exercising but don’t have time, you can exercise anywhere, just 10 minutes with bodyweight exercises from this article

Find a way to relieve stress.

Stress is a contributing factor to depression. Therefore, looking for activities to reduce stress. Can help reduce depression For those who do not know what activities will help relieve stress. We recommend exercising or using music therapy. Is another way to help relieve stress .